Open Space


Open Space is a powerful tool for engaging large and small groups of people in discussions to explore particular questions or issues. It can be used with groups from anything between 10 and 1,000 people. It is particularly important because it enables people with ideas and energy to connect creating the opportunity to turn ideas into action. It is the foremost tool used by many groups to move from ‘we have no idea’ to action and is a part of a movement called Un-conferance where instead of someone organizing lectures it invites large groups of people to co-create the agenda and create sessions which is highly relevant for those participating.

Desired Outcome

By focusing on this framework in our community we are both creating a space where we together can explore the topics, questions, and discussions which are most burning in our community. But also to practice Open Space Technology so we ourselves can learn it and facilitate it in or other communities.

The Guide: How to set up Open Space Technology

Open Space has Four Rules and One Law (the Law of Two Feet), and two insects, and a coffee/tea area.

The Four Rules state:

  1. Whoever comes are the right people

  2. Whatever happens, is the only thing that could have

  3. Whenever it starts is the right time

  4. When it’s over, it’s over

The Law of Two Feet states that: “If people find themselves in situations where they are neither learning anything nor contributing, they are responsible for moving to another place - using their two feet to find a place where their participation is more meaningful”

The insects are:

  • Butterflies: These people hang out, maybe drinking tea, and don’t appear to do much. However, they may just be involved with the most important discussions of the day.

  • Bees: They flit from conversation to conversation bring new ideas, and fresh eyes to the table. They can also encourage mingling for those for whom the Law of Two Feet feels a bit rude.

You will need the following materials:

  • Lots of marker and pens

  • Lots of pieces of paper to write questions on

  • Big pieces of flipchart paper to record discussions

  • Blutack

The question is very important

Key to a successful Open Space event is the question. The question you ask and how you frame it will determine who comes so be mindful of this. It can be tempting to just want people who agree with you to turn up, but this will limit the diversity of your group and the outcome of the conversations! Usually, this is in the title of the event as it helps set the ground for what is to be under discussion at the session. Some examples included:

  • How will we reach the Global SDG before 2030?

  • How might we create a thriving local community where people step up and take leadership?

  • FL(City Economy) – How can we build sustainable, equitable and healthy local FL community?

You may choose to invite specific people, or just leave it open to whoever turns up. It is important that the question is stated clearly on the invitations and all publicity.

You need a suitable venue

Your venue needs to be:

  • Large enough to take those who attend sitting in a large circle

  • Has walls on which you can stick things

  • Has enough space for several discussions to happen

Running the open space

Set up a circle of chairs so when people arrive they take a seat in the circle (maybe after a cup of tea).

  • In the center of the circle is a pile of sheets of A4 paper and pens, and on the wall or floor have an empty timetable with the timings of the different sessions on the left and the various discussion areas on the top like below

Explain to people the four rule, the Law of Two Feet, the insects and how to record discussions. You also might include a bit about how to facilitate at the tables. For instance, making sure one or two voices don’t always dominate discussions or the art of making people feel safe and welcome so they have the confidence to take part.

Then offer people the opportunity to propose a question, if they do this then they must:

  • Host that discussion

  • Record the conversation themselves or arrange someone else to do it for the benefit of anyone unable to participate

  • Write their name on the sheet.

Then they post the question on the timetable.

Then say “Go!”. This is the nerve-racking bit. You may worry that no one will come forward, but then one person does and often loads more than follow. Then the following needs to happen:

  • Ten minutes of people proposing questions and sticking them up on the timetable

  • You may well end up with more questions than you have slots available, in which case put those on similar topics together

  • Once your timetable is full, allow people a few minutes to look at it and work out. what they want to go to, and then ring a bell, or something similar, to announce the start of the first session

  • People then go to the space where their question is being hosted and the discussions begin.

In theory, the rest of the day will organize itself as long as you do the following:

  • Ensure each break-out space has plenty of flip-chart paper and pens

  • Tell people when each session starts, and remind them about the Law of Two Feet

  • At the end of each session, ring a bell to let people know it is finished•Go round and collect up the note filled sheets

  • Put them up on the wall in the area you have pre-designated as the ‘Market Place’

  • You may also choose to have someone typing up the sheets, if you are posting the proceedings live on the web or if you want it typed up to send out quickly

  • Leave 30-40 minutes or so at the end to allow one person to feedback from each discussion and for everyone to feedback on the process

  • The notes generated can be typed up and circulated to everyone who attended

Harvesting and Completion

You may decide that this day is about harvesting ideas, and no specific decisions are reached. Future activities might well emerge from the session, but you might want actions to be agreed and taken forward. This will determine what shape the closing session takes. It could be a brief thank you and hope you had a good time, to more specific planning, setting up working groups or anything else that needs to happen. In which case, more time is needed to come to agreements.

Open Space is surprisingly easy to run, and an amazingly powerful way of exploring issues. What it does is draw out all those who are really passionate about a subject. For your firstone, you might find it useful to have someone with prior experience of running Open Space to facilitate it, but once you have a successful Open Space under your belt, you’ll marvel at how simple it is!

You can also run open space over a longer period of time with larger groups see HarrisonOwen’s book 'Open Space Technology 2' if you want to do this.

Simplified Explanation

Further Reading

Future Leaders Powerpoint

Open Space Technology Training Powerpoint

Open Space Technology Explanation

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